What Causes Love ?

What causes love:-A question that receives quite a bit of attention in the psychological literature is why people fall in love.

What Causes Love ?

A question that receives quite little bit of attention within the psychological literature is why people fall crazy . One promising answer is that romantic love occurs when the attributes that generate general attraction and therefore the social factors and circumstances that produce passion are particularly strong.


The general attraction attributes are as follows (Aron, et al. 1989):


Similarity: This includes similarity of people’s beliefs and, to a lesser extent, similarity of personality traits and ways of thinking.


Propinquity: This includes familiarity with the opposite , which may be caused by spending time together, living near one another , brooding about the opposite , or anticipating interaction with the opposite .


Desirable characteristics: This general attraction attribute is especially focused on an outer physical appearance that's found desirable and, to a lesser extent, on desirable personality traits.


Reciprocal liking: When the opposite person is interested in you or likes you, which will increase your own liking.


Two further factors which will help explain why people fall crazy involve mate selection (Aron, et al. 1989):


Social influences: a possible union that satisfies general social norms, also as acceptance of the potential union within one’s social network, can contribute to people falling crazy . against this , a union that doesn't satisfy general social norms or isn't accepted by one’s social network, may result in people rupture of affection .


Filling needs: If an individual can fulfill needs for companionship, love, sex or mating, there's a greater chance that the opposite person will fall crazy with him or her.


Another five factors seem to be required for the like to be truly passionate as against being a sort of friendship love (Aron, et al. 1989):


Arousal/unusualness: Being in an unusual or arousing environment can spark passion, albeit the environment is perceived as dangerous or spooky (Dutton & Aron, 1974).


Specific Cues: a specific feature of the opposite may spark particularly strong attraction (e.g., parts of their body or facial features).


Readiness: The more you would like to be during a relationship, the lower your self-esteem and therefore the more likely you're to fall crazy .


Isolation: Spending time alone with another person also can contribute to a development of passion.


Mystery: If there's some mystery surrounding the opposite person and uncertainty about what the opposite person thinks or feels, wondering when he or she is going to initiate contact also can contribute to passion.


Aron et al. (1989) examined which of those factors are most prevalent in college students supported their descriptions of their experiences of falling crazy . The researchers found that the foremost frequently mentioned factor preceding experiences of affection was finding certain characteristics of the opposite person desirable, also as reciprocity of the experienced emotions. 


There was a moderate frequency of descriptions mentioning the factors that spark passion (e.g., readiness, arousal/unusualness). There was a coffee to moderate frequency of descriptions of the opposite person being perceived as almost like the research participant.


The researchers argue that the self-expansion model proposed in Aron & Aron (1986) predicts this weighing of things . On the self-expansion model, we've the best propensity to fall crazy once we perceive the opposite person as how for us to undergo rapid self-expansion. 


Entering a committed relationship requires abandoning a number of our personal autonomy by including the opposite person in our life. If the opposite person possesses desirable characteristics, their presence in our life are often perceived as an expansion of the self instead of a loss of freedom (Aron & Aron, 1996).


Work in neuroscience supports these findings in psychology. The neurochemical profile of individuals who are crazy is characterized by low levels of the satiation chemical serotonin (Zeki, 2007). during this respect, the obsessive component of latest love makes it almost like obsessive-compulsive disorder.


It is unsurprising, then, that several of the passion-generating factors, including arousal/unusualness, readiness, and mystery, correlate both with the propensity to fall crazy and with increased anxiety. Blood levels of adrenaline and other stress chemicals are increased by anxiety triggers.


As argued by Dutton and Aron (1974), feeling increased levels of adrenaline is usually mistaken for a sense of being crazy with an individual . Dutton and Aron (1974) found that more men fell crazy with a beautiful female interviewer when she asked them questions in anxiety-provoking situations (a fear-arousing suspension bridge) compared to calm situations (a non-fear arousing bridge). 


So, even within the absence of most of the opposite predictors of the onset of romantic love, meeting someone in an anxiety-provoking situation can cause us to fall crazy thereupon person.


Another interesting feature of affection is that a felt proximity to a replacement lover creates higher levels of the reward and motivation chemical dopamine, whereas distance can cause cravings. Aron et al (2005) used functional resonance imaging to review people that were intensely crazy from between 1 and 17 months. 


the themes viewed a photograph of their beloved then , after a distraction-attention task, they viewed a photograph of a well-known individual. The researchers found heightened brain activation within the right ventral tegmental area and therefore the right postero-dorsal body and medial caudate nucleus—dopamine-rich areas related to reward and motivation—in response to the images of the individual the topic was crazy with. 


So, once you are crazy , the imagined or actual presence of the beloved is rewarding and motivating. 


The self-expansion model proposed by Aron & Aron (1986) can explain be wont to explain this result: When an individual conceives of their love interest and him- or herself forming a decent union, the desirable characteristics of the beloved trigger a gift response. this will prompt us to travel out of our thanks to be with our potential partner so as to experience the foremost intense feeling of reward.


The self-expansion model also predicts that the similarity and propinquity factors should have a paradoxical effect in initial stages of falling crazy but should have a more significant influence on the duration of affection (Acevedo & Aron, 2009). the most reason is that familiarity and similarity make it less likely that the opposite person will constitute an expansion of you, once you include him or her in your life.


These predictions are according to findings in neuroscience. Low levels of serotonin are likely counteracted by similarity and familiarity, which may prevent people from falling crazy (Zeki, 2007). At later stages of a love relationship, however, these same factors may correlate with higher levels of the attachment and bonding chemicals oxytocin and vasopressin, which are shown to extend during the phase of a love relationship that fosters romantic attachment and pair bonding (Zeki, 2007).

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